The Y7 is concerned about future climate catastrophes and echoes the calls for urgent change expressed by youth around the globe. Immediate action to limit the global average temperature increase to +1.5°C is needed to uphold climate justice for the environment, for all people, and for future generations. The Y7 therefore urges G7 leaders to declare a state of climate emergency by the 2019 UN Climate Change Summit.
I. As G7 Leaders, you should mitigate the causes of the climate crisis; therefore the Y7 recommends to:
1. Enforce climate justice through bolder policies
Enhance their Nationally-Determined Contributions to the implementation of the Paris Agreement with (1) clear sectoral guidelines to achieve greenhouse gas net neutrality by 2050; (2) complete taxonomy of binding reporting requirements, actions, and incentives to reach an intermediary target of 50% emissions reduction from 1990 levels by 2030.
Fully endorse and accelerate implementation of the G7 Ocean Plastics Charter, the New York Declaration on Forests, and the Metz Charter on Biodiversity, both within and beyond all G7 countries.
Enforce climate justice through systematic ex ante analysis of and reporting on the impact of laws and regulations on climate, with particular consideration for the most vulnerable and future generations.
Appoint a special youth advisor (under 35) on environment in each G7 country to translate youth climate demands towards meaningful action.
2. Accelerate the energy transition towards sustainable sources
Adopt a target of 50% share of renewable energy production in the energy mix by 2030 and 80% by 2050, prioritising and incentivising the development of smart micro-grids in remote communities and the rapid phase out of the most polluting fossil fuels such as coal.
Stop all forms of subsidies to fossil fuel industries by 2021.
Implement fair carbon taxation along three principles: (1) costs are borne by the originator, primarily by businesses; (2) consumers should not bear the burden of increased costs; (3) tax revenues should be redistributed to communities most in need to afford sustainable lifestyles.
Enhance support for emerging green energy production by (1) raising public authorities’ share of low carbon investments to more than 50% of their portfolios; (2) incentivising private investments in low carbon and energy efficient ventures through prudential and fiscal measures.
3. Facilitate the circular economy of products and services
Ban all non-recyclable and single-use plastics by 2025 and rollout these interdictions along international supply chains rooted in G7 countries.
Accelerate innovation for domestic waste processing, especially concerning electronics and plastic waste, to limit waste exports to developing countries.
Launch a G7-wide Ecological-impact Trading System by 2021, which includes a standardized mechanism to measure, monitor and report corporate impact on biodiversity, ensuring that companies reduce, offset, or pay for their impacts to avoid net biodiversity loss.
Guarantee that the G7 Fashion Pact has strong reuse policies, incorporates sustainable sourcing measures, and acknowledges the specific responsibility of the cotton production.
Enforce financial and non-financial information disclosure standards for private companies to foster fair and sustainable supply chains.
Develop strategies for responsible production and consumption - especially for transportation and food, with meat reduction objectives - to reduce agriculture land use by 20% by 2030.
II. As G7 Leaders, you should achieve climate justice along the adaptation to the climate crisis for the most vulnerable; therefore the Y7 recommends to:
1. Ensure sustainable and prosperous agriculture for all
Partnering with the African Union:
Stop speculation on raw material markets by strengthening the IMF and regional compensation mechanisms to avoid food security crisis.
Engage all G7 agri-food stakeholders to foster agroecology practices and eradicate hazardous substances (such as Glyphosate) along their global supply chains by 2025.
Facilitate access for vulnerable farmers to (1) climate forecasting, (2) crop optimization technologies, and (3) affordable market-based solutions of insurance to cover climate risks.
2. Secure a just transition towards sustainability
Adopt a wellbeing budget by 2022 that substantively addresses the adverse effects of the climate crisis on social cohesion and mental health.
Sustain evolutions of the labor market towards net-zero emissions with fair public-private skills adaptation programs, accessible to all workers.
Change the design of adaptation and mitigation strategies to include vulnerable populations, especially women, who are disproportionately affected by the climate crisis.
3. Undertake humanitarian responses to the climate crisis
Collaborate with the United Nations to adopt a definition of Climate Refugees, and design a complete framework to tackle the needs of those displaced by climate change by 2022.
Raise financial commitments by 50% for both the Adaptation Fund and the share of international aid for climate crisis adaptation and mitigation by 2025.
Enhance knowledge and technology transfer of adaptation measures to the African Union in particular.
Copyrights: Open Diplomacy Institute holding the Y7 presidency in 2019. Mail at: email@example.com